East Africa is the Great Rift Valley, stretching from the Red Sea in the north, to the Guardafui Channel in the east, and the Mozambique Channel in the southeast. This region is where mankind first evolved, and members of the genus migrated out to the rest of the world. East Africa is a rich region in culture and history, yet this is often overlooked by visitors.
While the destroyed mediaeval towns of the East African coast were once the great hubs of shipping routes and the source of the majority of the world’s gold and other precious metals, the plains of East Africa’s interior are recognized as the cradle of humanity. The Ethiopian Highlands, a region with a history that is both fascinating and obscure, are littered with little rock-hewn churches and stelae.
Whether you’re interested in human origins, ancient spice trade routes, or mediaeval architecture, there’s something for everyone to explore in East Africa. Famous for its savannas, hosting a variety of well-known African continent flora and fauna.
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Comoros, and many other neighboring countries are all part of the Eastern African region. The Great Rift Valley, the old port city, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Serengeti plain are just a few of the region’s many sceneries.
There are other diverse ethnic groups, customs, and languages there as well. Ancient civilizations like the Kingdom of Axum and the city-state of Meroe have left a rich historical legacy in the region.
A significant agricultural region, particularly one where cash commodities like coffee, tea, and others are grown, is Eastern Africa. Agriculture and tourism are the region’s two main brief occupations of economic growth.
The history of eastern Africa is complex and diverse, spanning thousands of years. Early human settlements in the region date back to at least the early Stone Age, and over time, various groups migrated and settled in the area, including the Bantu, Nilotic, and Cushitic peoples.
The region has also been heavily influenced by spice trade and interaction with the Middle East Islamic influences and Asia, particularly through the Indian Ocean trade networks. In the more recent past century, the region was colonised by European countries in the 19th century, leading to the establishment of colonial territories and the suppression of indigenous cultures and economies. The British Empire attempted to establish a chain of colonies from Cape to Cairo in the late 19th century, duelling with German East Africa until the British nationals won World War I and took control of present-day Tanzania.
After gaining independence in the mid 20th century, most countries in the eastern Africa region faced ongoing political Instability and economic challenges, including civil war, poverty, worst drought, food insecurity, and disease. The world bank provides billions of dollars to the east African communities to improve the lives of millions of estimated population in East Africa.
Now Let’s Go through all the unique and fantastic countries of Eastern Africa.
Currency: Burundian Franc (BIF)
International Airport: Melchior Ndadaye International Airport, Gitega International Airport, Kirundo International Airport.
Burundi is a land-fixed country in east-central Africa, south of the Equator. The country is a historic kingdom and one of the few countries in Africa whose borders were not determined by colonial rulers.
Currency: Comoros Franc (KMF)
International Airport: Prince Said Ibrahim International Airport, Quani International Airport, Mohéli Bandar Es Eslam International Airport.
When you travel to Comoros, you’ll find plenty of things to see and do. From exploring popular tourist spots to enjoying the local culture, there’s plenty to keep you busy. Here are some of the best things to do in Comoros to make your trip a memorable one.
Capital: Djibouti City
Currency: Djibouti Franc (DJF)
International Airport: Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport.
Djibouti is a hidden gem in Eastern Africa and falls into the category of small things that have a big payoff. This tiny country part of the horn of Africa is full of beauty and stunning sites that you have to see to believe.
Currency: Eritrean Nakfa (ERN)
International Airport: Asmara International Airport, Assab International Airport.
It’s largely untouched by tourism, so it’s a much more authentic experience than you would find in many other places. Eritrea is the sort of country that most people have never even heard of, let alone can find on the horn of Africa. It’s a small country in East Africa, bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti.
Capital: Addis Ababa
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
International Airport: Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, Jigjiga Garad Wilwal International Airport, Kebri Dahar International airport, Hawassa International Airport, Bahir Dar Belay Zeleke International Airport, and so on.
Ethiopia is a hidden gem of the African mainland that is often overlooked by travellers. Southern Ethiopia is known for its traditional dances and music, with popular traditional dances such as the “Chiro” and “Hora” originating from the region. It’s the second largest population country with a lot to offer in terms of cultural diversity, archaeological pedigree, and natural resources.
Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KES)
International Airport: Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Moi International Airport, Kisumu International Airport, Malindi International Airport, Eldoret International Airport, and so on.
Kenya is a country located in East Africa that is known for its beautiful landscape such as Mount Kenya and rich culture. Western Kenya is known for its rich agricultural potential, with crops such as sugarcane, tea, and coffee being major cash crops. If you are looking to explore historical places, Present day Kenya has many museums. You can also enjoy the country’s beautiful scenery during the summer season.
Currency: Malagasy Ariary (MGA)
International Airport: Ivato International Airport, Antananarivo International Airport, Mananara Nord International Airport, Fascene International Airport, Ambalabe International Airport, and so on.
Madagascar is an amazing place full of natural beauty and adventure. There are so many things to do on this paradise island, from exploring the jungle to relaxing on the beach.
Currency: Malawian kwacha (MWK)
International Airport: Lilongwe International Airport, Chileka International Airport, Mzuzu International Airport, Club Makokola International Airport.
The wide, glittering waters of Lake Malawi, which make up approximately a quarter of the country’s surface and provide visitors with a spot to kayak, snorkel, and dive, are what define Malawi.
But, there are many other places to explore on your trip to Malawi.
Capital: Port Louis
Currency: Mauritian Rupee (MUR)
International Airport: Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport, Sir Charles Gaetan Duval International Airport.
Mauritius is an ideal destination for anyone looking to enjoy the sun, sand, and surf all in one place. Travellers can experience a memorable holiday with plenty of activities, such as exploring the local culture, soaking up the sun on the beach, or doing water sports.
Currency: Euro (EUR)
International Airport: Dzaoudzi Pamandzi International Airport.
Mayotte is an overseas department of France that includes the two southeastern most islands of the Comoros archipelago. An amazing place to travel.
Currency: Mozambican Metical (MZN)
International Airport: Maputo International Airport, Nampula International Airport, Pemba International Airport, Beira International Airport, Chingozi International Airport, and so on.
Mozambique is an excellent country to visit for anyone interested in African culture, as it is reflected strongly in the food, music, and art. The climate is warm and tropical, making it a perfect destination for tourists any time of year.
Currency: Euro (EUR)
International Airport: Roland Garros International Airport, Pierrefonds International Airport.
Réunion Island is an overseas department and region of the French Republic, located in the Indian Ocean about 200 km southwest of Mauritius and about 700 km east of Madagascar.
Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)
International Airport: Kigali International Airport, Kamembe International Airport.
Rwanda is one of the best places in the world to see gorillas in their natural habitat. The country has made significant strides in conservation to protect the animals and their habitat.
Currency: Seychelles Rupee (SCR)
International Airport: Seychelles International Airport, Praslin International Airport.
The stunning, unspoiled islands of Seychelles are the stuff of tropical island fantasies, and too many a bucket list. Despite their idyllic reputation, however, the islands are home to some severe environmental challenges.
Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)
International Airport: Aden Adde International Airport, Egal International Airport, Berbera International Airport, Bosaso International Airport, Galco International Airport, and so on.
Somalia is one of the least developed countries on the planet in terms of its economy. East Africa’s stunning geography includes the African Great Lakes and the majority of the continent’s tallest mountains. Mountains, deserts, and the African Great Lakes separate it from the rest of the continent. Situated on the coastline of the horn of Africa in the Banadir region, Mogadishu is the capital and largest city of the eastern African country Somalia. The city covers an area of 1,657 km2.
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
International Airport: Julius Nyerere International Airport, Abeid Amani Karume International Airport, Kilimanjaro International Airport, Mwanza International Airport, Arusha International Airport, and so on.
The United Republic of Tanzania was created in 1965 as a result of the Zanzibar Revolution, which joined Tanganyika, an autonomous state, to Tanzania’s mainland. Present-day Tanzania is a stunning East African country that is home to an array of diverse wildlife, ranging from the Big 5 game to colourful corals. Lake Victoria, the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second-deepest lake in the world, are both found in East Africa, which is also well-known for its large bodies of water such as lakes Albert.
Currency: Ugandan Shilling (UGX)
International Airport: Entebbe International Airport, Arua International Airport, Gulu International Airport, Soroti International Airport, Moyo International Airport.
Uganda is a country that is truly blessed by nature. From the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains to the source of the Nile River, Uganda has some of the most beautiful landscapes in all of Africa.
Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMW)
International Airport: Kenneth Kaunda International Airport, Livingstone International Airport, Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe International Airport, Chipata International Airport, Solwesi International Airport, and so on.
Zambia is one of the most beautiful countries on the African continent, and there are countless beautiful places to see here. As part of your vacation to this wonderful country, you can explore more than 20 National Parks.
Currency: Zimbabwe Dollar (ZWL)
International Airport: Robert Gabriel Mugabe International Airport, Victoria Falls International Airport, Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport.
Most of Zimbabwe’s top tourist attractions are located outside. If you choose to visit, you can expect to see stunning natural landscapes, encounter the unique wildlife and explore historical sites that provide insights into the continent’s past.
The dry season, usually lasting from June to October, is the ideal time to travel to Eastern Africa because it is more pleasant and easier to see the animals.
The wild beast’s large migratory herds in the Serengeti and Masai Mara can be experienced during the dry season, which is also a popular period to go to Tanzania and Kenya.
The wet season, when the beaches and waterways are less packed, is the best time to visit the coast if you wish to do so.
As Eastern Africa has a variety of climates, it is always advisable to check the weather forecast and local recommendations before making travel arrangements. This is because weather patterns can change suddenly.
Keep in mind that some of the places may have limited access due to security issues, so it’s always best to check the current situation before planning your trip.
When visiting Eastern Africa, there are several transportation options available to get around:
It’s worth noting that when traveling to remote and rural areas, it’s best to hire a 4×4 vehicle. It is also important to keep in mind that infrastructure and transportation in Eastern Africa can be limited, so it’s best to plan your trip and allow extra time for travel.
Visiting Eastern Africa can be a unique and memorable experience. The region is home to diverse cultures, stunning natural landscapes, and a wealth of wildlife. Visitors can explore the lush rainforests and grasslands, go on safari to see elephants, lions, and other big games, and visit ancient historical and cultural land areas. However, it is important to be aware of and prepared for potential safety concerns and to be respectful of local East African community customs and traditions.
Overall, Eastern Africa offers a rich and rewarding travel experience for those who are willing to be open-minded and adventurous.